Australia


Everyone travelling to Australia must present a valid and approved travel document as evidence of their identity and nationality. The most common and preferred travel document is a passport, but other types of travel documents may also be accepted.
Australian citizens have an automatic right of entry to Australia, and do not require a visa. Australian citizens need only to present the following documents to officers in immigration clearance:
See: Passenger cards

Australians who hold dual or multiple nationalities should hold an Australian passport and use it to enter or leave Australia, even when using a foreign passport overseas. The only exception is where they have been issued with an Australian Declaratory Visa.
See: Australian Declaratory Visa (ADV)

Most New Zealand citizens are granted an electronic Special Category Visa (SCV) on arrival in Australia, subject to meeting health and character requirements.
To be eligible for the Special Category Visa, New Zealand citizens need to present the following documents to officers in immigration clearance:

New Zealand citizens who hold a travel document other than a New Zealand passport are not eligible to be granted a Special Category Visa on arrival, and therefore should apply for a visa prior to travelling to Australia.
New Zealand citizens with tuberculosis or criminal convictions may not be eligible for a Special Category Visa. These New Zealand citizens should approach the nearest Australian immigration office to discuss their situation before travelling to Australia so as to avoid possible delay or being refused entry at the border.
New Zealand citizens may also be eligible to apply for a range of other visas appropriate to their circumstances, or for Australian citizenship.


Australian Citizenship

All travelers other than Australian and New Zealand citizens need to present the following documents to officers in immigration clearance:

Anyone who arrives without a valid travel document, visa or authority to enter Australia, may be refused entry to Australia or delayed until their identity and claims to enter Australia have been confirmed.

There are different requirements for the following travellers:

1. Members of Armed Forces
The details below apply only to military personnel from the following countries: Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brunei, Canada, Fiji, Grenada, Jamaica, Malaysia, Mauritius, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Kingdom and the USA.

Members of the Armed Forces of a country listed above who are traveling on duty do not need to obtain a visa prior to travelling to Australia if the following documents are provided to officers in immigration clearance:

Military personnel from other countries not mentioned above must obtain a visa prior to traveling to Australia and will need to present standard, non-military travel documents to officers in immigration clearance.
More information is available in the sections above.


2. Civilian employees of specific Armed Forces
Civilian employees of Armed Forces from Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Singapore and the USA and who are traveling for military purposes do not require a visa if the following documents are provided to officers at immigration clearance:


3. Partners or dependent relatives of members or civilian employees of specific Armed Forces
The details below apply only to members or civilian employees of the Armed Forces from the following countries: Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brunei, Canada, Fiji, Grenada, Jamaica, Malaysia, Mauritius, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Kingdom and the USA.

Partners or dependent relatives of members or civilian employees of the Armed Forces of countries listed above who are accompanying or joining these Armed Forces members, do not require a visa if the following documents are provided to officers in immigration clearance:

A small number of travelers may have other types of travel documents which are also acceptable for travel to Australia. Holders of these documents will in most cases also require a visa.
The travel documents must be issued by a recognized authority and be acceptable for travel to Australia. The document must have a photograph of the bearer and provide the holder with a re-entry authority to the country of issue, or an entry authority to another country.
Other acceptable travel documents include:

The Australian Declaratory Visa (ADV) is an administrative document that resembles a visa. It is issued in limited circumstances to Australian citizens who hold dual nationality only if the applicant:

The Australian Declaratory Visa is valid for five years from the date of issue, unless the holder ceases to be an Australian citizen, in which case the holder will need a normal visa to travel to Australia.
Charges apply for this service.

Information is available in a fact sheet for permanent residents of Australia holding a document such as:

Applications for a Resident Return Visa can be made online.

Permanent residents of Norfolk Island do not need to apply for a visa before travelling to Australia.
Instead they may apply for a Permanent Resident Norfolk Island Visa (PRNIV) on arrival in Australia by presenting the following documents to officers in immigration clearance:

The visa is valid for the duration of the stay in Australia. An application for a new PRNIV is required each time a permanent resident of Norfolk Island arrives in Australia.


-source http://www.immi.gov.au/
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